Mechanisms, Monitoring and Modeling Earth Fissure generation and Fault activation due to subsurface Fluid exploitation (M3EF3)

Ground ruptures (Earth Fissures and reactivation of pre-existing surface Faults) caused by extraction of Fluids from the subsurface (F3) have been observed in hundreds of sedimentary basins worldwide, mainly in USA and in semiarid areas of developing countries such as Mexico, China, India, Libya, Iran, Saudi Arabia. Unexpected fissure generation and fault activation associated with anthropogenic land subsidence strongly impact on the development of urban settlements, industrial centers, agricultural and other economic activities. In this project we propose a scientific cooperative program between institutions and researchers to improve the understanding of the processes involved in ground rupturing. M3EF3 plans to use an integrated approach made by in-situ Monitoring of surface deformation, remote sensing techniques, hydro-Mechanical laboratory characterization, and mathematical Modeling (M3). The significant amount of geological and hydrogeological information already available in Mexico, California, and China will be used initially. Then, the approach will be transferred to sites in other developing countries. M3 will be used to produce an effective tool to manage the geological risk associated with earth fissuring and reactivation of surface faults. Recommendations will be released for urban development and the sustainable exploitation of subsurface fluid resources considering faulting and earth fissuring as constraints, especially in developing countries.

UNESCO webpage on ICGP641 project



November 9, 2019: A number of 70 participants joined IGCP641
September 18, 2019: The IGCP641 workshop registration is now open. You can access it at this link Final workshop UNESCO IGCP641
November 29, 2017: A number of 60 participants joined IGCP641
November 15, 2017: A first world map of the ground ruptures has been published. Have a look to the “F3 SITE MAP” page
September 9, 2017: Taiwan (Republic of China) is the 15th country joining IGCP641. Dr.Jyr-Ching Hu becomes a new participants.
August 18, 2017: The special session “Evaluación del riesgo asociado a fracturamiento y fallamiento en zonas urbanas – Proyecto IGCP 641: M3EF3” will be organized in the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Mexican Geophysical Union
July 30, 2017: Pakistan is the 14th country joining IGCP641. Dr. Najeebullah Kakar becomes a new participants. Have a look to his scientific contribution in the “PAPER” menu
April 28, 2017: The web site of the M3EF3 2017 Annual Workshop has been lunched
March 1, 2017: A number of 50 participants joined IGCP641
February 17, 2017: The M3EF3 2017 Annual Workshop will be held at the University of Alicante, Spain, on 16–17 November 2017
February 5, 2017: The 1st International Workshop on Earth Fissures will be held at the “Key laboratory of Earth Fissures Geological Disaster”, Geological Survey of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing, (China) from April 13 to 15, 2017
January 30, 2017: An enormous crack Just opened up In the middle of the Arizona Desert (read the report from the Arizona Geological Survey)
December 27, 2016: A M3EF3 project web-page has been developed within ResearchGate
November 5, 2016: The 1st International Symposium on Urban Geology will be held in Shanghai, China, between April 10 and 12, 2017
July 20, 2016: the session NH014 New Geophysical Methods for Understanding Geohazards in Urban Basins is announced in the 2016 AGU Fall Meeting, 12-16 December, San Francisco, USA.
July 20, 2016: the session H087 Remote Sensing Methods to Determine Vertical Land-Surface and Aquifer-Storage Change is announced in the 2016 AGU Fall Meeting, 12-16 December, San Francisco, USA.
June 1, 2016: a special session and course on the M3EF3 topics will be held within the Reunión Anual de la Unión Geofísica Mexicana (RAUGM), 2–3 November 2016 in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico
May 30, 2016: The M3EF3 2016 Annual Workshop will be held on 2–3 November 2016 in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico
March 31, 2016: A summary of the main results achieved by the M3EF3 2015 Annual Workshop has been added in the IGCP631 web-site (Conferences & Meetings / Project Meetings / Nanjing (China) 2015)
February 29, 2016: A number of 40 participants joined IGCP641
November 10, 2015: A number of 60 participants attended to the M3EF3 2015 Annual Workshop in Nanjing, China
October 30, 2015: The final program of the M3EF3 2015 Annual Workshop has been delivered (Download)
October 1, 2015: A number of 20 participants joined IGCP641
September 22, 2015: The M3EF3 2015 Annual Workshop will be held on 10–11 November 2015 in Nanjing, China
August 10, 2015: The M3EF3 Project will be presented at the 2015 AGU Fall Meeting
July 8, 2015: launch of the IGCP641 website
June 15, 2015: financial supports of 2015 go to researchers from China, India and Egypt for participating at the 9th Int. Sysmposium on Land Subsidence (NISOLS). A special session on the M3EF3 project will be conveyed by Dora Carreon-Freyre within NISOLS
May 30, 2015: M3EF3 Project funded by IGCP (first years)
March 31, 2015: M3EF3 Project approved by IGCP (project # IGCP641)