Mechanisms, Monitoring and Modeling Earth Fissure generation and Fault activation due to subsurface Fluid exploitation (M3EF3)

Ground ruptures (Earth Fissures and reactivation of pre-existing surface Faults) caused by extraction of Fluids from the subsurface (F3) have been observed in hundreds of sedimentary basins worldwide, mainly in USA and in semiarid areas of developing countries such as Mexico, China, India, Libya, Iran, Saudi Arabia. Unexpected fissure generation and fault activation associated with anthropogenic land subsidence strongly impact on the development of urban settlements, industrial centers, agricultural and other economic activities. In this project we propose a scientific cooperative program between institutions and researchers to improve the understanding of the processes involved in ground rupturing. M3EF3 plans to use an integrated approach made by in-situ Monitoring of surface deformation, remote sensing techniques, hydro-Mechanical laboratory characterization, and mathematical Modeling (M3). The significant amount of geological and hydrogeological information already available in Mexico, California, and China will be used initially. Then, the approach will be transferred to sites in other developing countries. M3 will be used to produce an effective tool to manage the geological risk associated with earth fissuring and reactivation of surface faults. Recommendations will be released for urban development and the sustainable exploitation of subsurface fluid resources considering faulting and earth fissuring as constraints, especially in developing countries.

UNESCO webpage on ICGP641 project



January 30, 2017: An enormous crack Just opened up In the middle of the Arizona Desert (read the report from the Arizona Geological Survey)
July 20, 2016: the session NH014 New Geophysical Methods for Understanding Geohazards in Urban Basins is announced in the 2016 AGU Fall Meeting, 12-16 December, San Francisco, USA.
July 20, 2016: the session H087 Remote Sensing Methods to Determine Vertical Land-Surface and Aquifer-Storage Change is announced in the 2016 AGU Fall Meeting, 12-16 December, San Francisco, USA.
June 1, 2016: a special session and course on the M3EF3 topics will be held within the Reunión Anual de la Unión Geofísica Mexicana (RAUGM), 2–3 November 2016 in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico
May 30, 2016: The M3EF3 2016 Annual Workshop will be held on 2–3 November 2016 in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico
March 31, 2016: A summary of the main results achieved by the M3EF3 2015 Annual Workshop has been added in the IGCP631 web-site (Conferences & Meetings / Project Meetings / Nanjing (China) 2015)
February 29, 2016: A number of 40 participants joined IGCP641
November 10, 2016: A number of 60 participants attended to the M3EF3 2015 Annual Workshop in Nanjing, China
October 30, 2015: The final program of the M3EF3 2015 Annual Workshop has been delivered (Download)
October 1, 2015: A number of 20 participants joined IGCP641
September 22, 2015: The M3EF3 2015 Annual Workshop will be held on 10–11 November 2015 in Nanjing, China
August 10, 2015: The M3EF3 Project will be presented at the 2015 AGU Fall Meeting
July 8, 2015: launch of the IGCP641 website
June 15, 2015: financial supports of 2015 go to researchers from China, India and Egypt for participating at the 9th Int. Sysmposium on Land Subsidence (NISOLS). A special session on the M3EF3 project will be conveyed by Dora Carreon-Freyre within NISOLS
May 30, 2015: M3EF3 Project funded by IGCP (first years)
March 31, 2015: M3EF3 Project approved by IGCP (project # IGCP641)